Phoenix and Beyond
More Than 4 Million People Call the Region Home

Referred to by several names—the Valley of the Sun, the Salt River Valley and Metro Phoenix—the Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) centers on the city of Phoenix. It includes much of the central part of Arizona and encompasses the counties of Maricopa and Pinal. Arizona has relatively large counties and a harsh, rugged desert landscape so much of the MSA is rural or completely uninhabited.

The population of the Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale MSA increased by 45.3 percent from 1990 through 2000, making Arizona the second fastest growing state in the nation in that decade. The 2013 U.S. Census estimates reported the population of the MSA to be at 4,398,762, ranking it as the 12th largest metro area in the United States and making it home to more than two-thirds of Arizona’s entire population.

MARICOPA COUNTY—OVERVIEW
Home to more than half of Arizona’s residents (4 million), Maricopa County is the most populous in the state and the fourth most populous in the entire United States. Maricopa County is also one of the largest counties in the nation by land area; at 9,224 square miles, it is bigger than seven states. Phoenix is the county seat as well as Arizona’s largest city and capital. A 2007 Forbes study, ranked four of Maricopa County’s municipalities in the Top 10 fastest-growing cities in the nation, all of which are located in the growing West Valley area. In addition, five Native American reservations are located in the county, the largest of which are the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community and the Gila River Indian Community. Maricopa County has an average annual daily temperature of 72°F with 300 days of sunshine per year and about 7.6 inches of rainfall. Temperatures range from an average high of 106°F in July to an average low of 41°F in January.

Major Communities (2013 Population): Avondale (78,822), Buckeye (56,683), Chandler (249,146), El Mirage (32,998), Fountain Hills (23,235), Gilbert (229,972), Glendale (234,632), Goodyear (72,864), Mesa (457,587), Paradise Valley (13,387), Phoenix (1,513,367), Scottsdale (226,918), Surprise (123,546) and Tempe (168,228)

Demographics
  • Population 2013.............................................4,009,412
  • Population Growth (2000–13).....................5%
  • Persons Per Square Mile.............................414.9

Education
  • School Districts: Agua Fria Union, Alhambra Elementary, Apache Junction Unified, Buckeye Union, Chandler Unified, Dysart Unified, Fountain Hills Unified, Gila Bend Unified, Gilbert Public Schools, Glendale Union, Higley Unified, Kyrene, Mesa Public Schools, Peoria Unified, Queen Creek Unified, Saddle Mountain Unified, Scottsdale Unified, Tempe Elementary, Tempe Union, Tolleson Union, Wickenburg Unified
  • Educational Attainment (Adult Population 2013)
    • High school diploma...........................86.2%
    • College degrees..................................29.5%

For more information, visit Maricopa County’s website at www.maricopa.gov.

PINAL COUNTY—OVERVIEW
Pinal County is located between Arizona’s two largest metropolitan areas of Phoenix and Tucson. Thus, the suburban growth southward from the greater Phoenix area is beginning to meet the northward growth from Tucson. With such development, Pinal County’s accelerated growth patterns in recent years are likely to continue for the foreseeable future. Florence is the seat of the 5,374-square-mile county, which sees an average of 9.4 inches of rain per year and an annual average temperature of about 71°F. Highs can reach up to 105°F in July and lows can dip as far as 33°F in January. Pinal County also contains several Indian reservations, including all of the Ak-Chin Indian Community and parts of the Tohono O’odham Nation, the Gila River Indian Community and the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation. Pinal County is home to the Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, a preserved group of ancient Pueblo Hohokam structures.

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